Yellow covers in Spain : The Biblioteca Oro

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Sax Rohmer, El Diabolico Doctor (Biblioteca Oro, 35, 1935

It was not long before  a Spanish publisher introduced the  1920’s fashion of Yellow Crime Fiction booklets to Spain.  Only a few years after Mondadori in Italy,  the Barcelona publisher Molino proposed in 1933 (the year of the publishing house’s creation),  a series of Crime Fiction  pulps with yellow covers in its series Biblioteca Oro. Like the Italian series, this Spanish counterpart would become a landmark series, publishing the most representative authors in the genre.  The books were on average some 100 pages long and cost 0,90 cts.

 The first period of the series starts in 1933 and finishes in 1936, the year of the civil war.  In its original period, the series published 25 authors, accounting for 68 books (see list below).  The authors who saw the most of their books translated  in the series were Oppenheim (8), Martyn (7), Christie (6) and Van Dine (5).  Christie published there in that period the following books, whose translated title remain close to the original    (this was not always the case in French)  as can be see here :

El Asesinato De Rogelio Akroyd (Biblioteca Oro, 12, 1934 )
La Muerte De Lord Edgware ( Biblioteca Oro, 23, 1934 )
El Misterio Del Tren Azul ( Biblioteca Oro, 28, 1934 )
Tragedia En Tres Actos (Biblioteca Oro, 38, 1935
El Misterio De Sittaford (Biblioteca Oro, 47, 1935 )
Muerte En Las Nubes (Biblioteca Oro, 61, 1936

AkroydPNG

El Asesinato De Rogelio Akroyd ( Biblioteca Oro, 12, 1934 ),  translation G.Bernard de Ferrer, illustrations   B. Sch., 91 pp.

Sittaford 35

El Misterio De Sittaford (Biblioteca Oro, 47, 1935 ), translation Jose Maria Alvarez, Illustration de Jaime Tomas

Van Dine PNG

S.S.Van Dine, El dragon del estanque (Philo Vance), Biblioteca Oro, serie Amarilla numero III-6,  1934

In the years following 1936 Editorial Molino restarted the series in different forms, at different prices and with slightly different  lettering (in blue) and editorial choices (a less strict focus on Crime Fiction, with Adventure novels published there too) but still with yellow covers.  It would prove an  enduring success, especially  for the series published between 1945 and 1956.

Tragedia CadaverDespues Derby  Howard  AC Raton Sechan  Maslowski AmarGruber
Authors in the First Series (Amarilla, 1933-1936)
Name First Name Series Number Title
Adams Herbert 50  Riña De Lobos
Adams Herbert 21 El Mono De Oro
Biggers Earl 43 Eran Trece
Biggers Earl 51 El Loro Chino
Biggers Earl 65 El Criado Chino
Chesterton Gilbert 52 La Sabiduría Del Padre Brown
Christie Agatha 12 El Asesinato De Rogelio Akroyd
Christie Agatha 23 La Muerte De Lord Edgware
Christie Agatha 28 El Misterio Del Tren Azul
Christie Agatha 38 Tragedia En Tres Actos
Christie Agatha 47 El Misterio De Sittaford
Christie Agatha 61 Muerte En Las Nubes
Crofts Freeman 66 La Pérdida Del Jane Vosper
Van Dine S.S. 6 El Dragón Del Estanque
Van Dine S.S. 14 El Visitante De Medianoche
Van Dine S.S. 19 El Escarabajo Sagrado
Van Dine S.S. 30 El Asesinato Del Casino
Van Dine S.S. 56 El Caso Garden
Eberhart Mignon 37 La Cacatúa Blanca
Freeman R. 33 El Cuento Del Dr. Thorndyke
Freeman R. 60 Un Testigo Silencioso
Gardner Erle 41 Garras De Terciopelo
Gardner Erle 53 El Caso De La Joven Arisca
Gardner Erle 63 El Caso De Las Piernas Bonitas
Hume David 45 Crimen Sociedad Ilimitada
Hume David 59 Un Hombre Peligroso
Martyn Wyndham 2 Antonio Trent “El Perfecto Ladrón”
Martyn Wyndham 4 El Secreto Del “Coche De Plata”
Martyn Wyndham 11 Garland El Misterioso
Martyn Wyndham 16 El Regreso De Trent
Martyn Wyndham 27 El Secuestro De Trent
Martyn Wyndham 46 El Vengador
Martyn Wyndham 64 La Isla De Los Crímenes
Mason A.E.W. 34 El Prisionero Del Ópalo
Merrit Abraham 31 ¡Arde, Bruja, Arde!
Openheim E. 13 Ídolos Robados
Oppenheim E. 5 Nick De Nueva York
Oppenheim E. 7 El Tesoro De Los Gangsters
Oppenheim E. 8 La Sonrisa De Moran
Oppenheim E. 10 Siete Tabernas En Marsella
Oppenheim E. 18 El Cuaderno De Taquigrafía
Oppenheim E. 25 El León Y Los Corderos
Oppenheim E. 36 El Tesoro De Martin Hews
Oppenheim E. 48 El Malvado Pastor
Packard Frank 22 La Esfera Trágica
Packard Frank 42 Aventuras De Jim Dale
Packard Frank 67 El Sello Gris
Palmer Stuart 68 El Gato Persa
Queen Ellery 58 El Misterio De La Mandarina
Rohmer Sax 26 El Diabólico Doctor
Rohmer Sax 29 La Falange Sagrada
Rohmer Sax 35 El Diabólico Doctor
Rohmer Sax 40 La Hija De Fu Manchu
Ross Barnaby 62 La Tragedia De X
Vance Louis 32 El Lobo Solitario
Vance Louis 49 “Alias” El Lobo Solitario
Wallace Edgar 1 La Banda De La “Rana”
Wallace Edgar 17 El Astuto Mr. Reeder
Wallace Edgar 24 Las Hijas De La Noche
Wallace Edgar 44 El Misterio De Los Tres Robles
Wallace Edgar 57 El Intérprete
Walling R.A.J. 55 El Caso Tolliver
Wheatley Dennis 39 El Territorio Prohibido
Williams Valentine 3 El Verdugo Espera
Williams Valentine 9 La Respuesta De La Muerte
Williams Valentine 15 Maniquí
Williams Valentine 20 El Diván Naranja
Williams Valentine 54 Cuarto Creciente

Further reading and sources :

.http://lozanoolivares.blogspot.co.uk/2012/10/biblioteca-oro-banda-amarilla-editorial.html

http://acotacionesdeunlector.blogspot.co.uk/2009/04/coleccion-amarilla-de-la-editorial.html

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